Spurr, David, and Cornelia Tschichold (eds.). 2005. The Space of English. SPELL 17.
Table of Contents
David Spurr (
The Study of Space in Literature: Some Paradigms 15
Alberto Pérez-Gómez (
From Treatise to Story: The Changing Nature of Architectural
Discourse from the Renaissance to the Eighteenth Century 35
Fabienne Michelet (
Centrality, Marginality and Distance:
on the Map of the World 51
Denis Renevey (Fribourg)
Figuring Household Space in Ancrene Wisse and The Doctrine
of the Hert 69
Manula Rossini (
The Gendered Spatiology of Middleton’s A Chaste Maid in
Lukas Erne (Neuchâtel)
Words in Space: The Reproduction of Texts and the Semiotics of
the Page 99
Karen Junod (
Drawing Pictures in Words: The Anecdote as Spatial Form in
Biographies of Hogarth 119
Patrick H. Vincent (Neuchâtel)
Landscape of Revolution 135
Corinne Fournier (
The Disciplinary City in the Second Half of the Nineteenth
Alan Robinson (
Social Spaces in Some Early Tales by Henry James 163
Myriam Perregaux (Geneva/Dublin)
The City as Gendered Space: A
in the Light of Feminist Geography 179
Gisela Zingg (
Hiberno-English in Joyce’s Ulysses 195
Martina Häcker (
Linking [h] and the Variation between Linking [r] and Glottal
Onsets in South African English 207
Iris Schaller-Schwaner (Fribourg) & Cornelia Tschichold (
Born to be Wild: English in Swiss Public Space 227
Pius ten Hacken (
The Disappearance of the Geographical Dimension of Language in
American Linguistics 249
David Wilson (Neuchâtel)
Mugging de Queen’s English? Mapping Mental Spaces of
Laura Wright (
The Space of English: Geographic Space, Temporal Space, and
Social Space 287
Notes on Contributors 315
Index of Names 319
The Study of Space in
Literature: Some Paradigms
Gibt es auf Erden ein Mass? Es gibt keines.
The study of space in literature needs to take into account both the philosophical conceptions of space contemporary with given literary works, and the actual construction of space in the social order which provides the context for literary production. With these imperatives in mind, this essay argues that modern literature from the seventeenth century to the present has been the site of a struggle between a dominant Cartesian model of space and a series of challenges to this model. The history of literary representations of space is thus marked by various forms of resistance to empirical rationality. Whereas the origins of these challenges can be traced to Platonic conceptions of space, they also reflect the inadequacy of a purely rational model for literature in its attempt to come to terms with modern experiential reality.
From Treatise to Story: The Changing Nature of
Architectural Discourse from the Renaissance
to the Eighteenth Century
This essay traces the changing nature of architectural discourse in European treatises from the Renaissance to the late eighteenth century. Focusing mostly on French and Italian examples, it discusses transforming relationships to science, philosophy, history, and literature, emphasizing the richness and diversity of such discursive and narrative practices. It follows a roughly linear path from the “treatise as cosmology” (Palladio), to “theory as history” (Fischer von Erlach), culminating in “discourse as fiction” (Ledoux). This argument is set in opposition to a pre-valent (scientistic) view of architectural theory as a set of merely technical or instrumental rules.
Centrality, Marginality and Distance:
on the Map of the World
Figuring Household Space in
Ancrene Wisse and The Doctrine of the Hert
This article addresses the notion of space by emphasizing the imagery of the household in two medieval religious texts. In Ancrene Wisse, household space is most often addressed literally: the anchoress is invited to configure her anchorhold by transposing to it some of the daily activities pertaining to a secular household. At other moments, the image of the household is used for the shaping of her inner self, and therefore participates in the construction of the devotional household. Such a model, influenced by confessional practice, is developed in greater detail in The Doctrine of the Hert, in which the devotional household is used as a spatial category for the shaping of the inner feelings. This study demonstrates that the use of space as a historical category offers a new perspective on the study of medieval religious literature.
The Gendered Spatiology of Middleton’s
A Chaste Maid in
A successful revolution must
effect changes in space
This reading of Thomas Middleton’s city comedy is informed by an understanding of space which combines a static, topographical notion of “place” with a conceptual one that insists on the material dimension of identity formation as theorized most prominently by Henri Lefebvre in The Production of Space. Based on his spatiology and focusing on two specific urban locales – the public theatre and the private shop – this essay contends that new buildings produced new subjectivities and orientations that are inevitably gendered and closely connected to the imperatives of the centralized nation-state and its nascent capitalism. Yet while the play participates in the construction of the private/public divide and of a “closeted womanhood,” it also shows the precariousness of supposedly fixed boundaries, as well as the fluidity and openness of all categories.
Words in Space: The Reproduction of Texts
and the Semiotics of the Page
According to the dominant parameters in literary studies today, texts mean linguistically, not bibliographically. Space is therefore often studied for how it is represented by means of linguistic signs. This chapter suggest that such an approach is usefully complemented by an analysis of the bibliographical space within which such representations occur. The author argues that the linguistic meaning of a text and of its various editorial reproductions is in fact inextricably bound up with, and therefore needs to be studied with an awareness of, the specificity of its material incarnation.
Drawing Pictures in Words: The Anecdote as
Spatial Form in Biographies of Hogarth
In this essay I explore the role played by certain anecdotes in the biographies of William Hogarth published in late eighteenth and early nineteenth-century
Turner, Wordsworth and the
Changed Landscape of Revolution
Patrick H. Vincent
The Disciplinary City in the Second Half
of the Nineteenth Century
The birth of city planning in the middle of the nineteenth century at first appears to have been a necessary response to population growth and to changes in modes of transportation. However, city planning may also be regarded as a response to the needs of established institutions to find ways of governing and surveying the population besides those of violence or the threat of punishment. This paper discusses three methods used to create the new disciplinary city: the increase in open space, the recourse to historicist styles, and the emergence of a transparent architecture.
Social Spaces in Some Early
Tales by Henry James
Focusing mainly on “An International Episode” (1878-9) and “The Siege of London” (1883), this essay relates the social spaces depicted in these tales to James’s imaginative preoccupations and professional ambitions in this period in which he carved out a niche as a writer in
The City as Gendered Space: A
of Three Literary Texts in the Light of Feminist Geography Reading
In this paper, the question of how the city is gendered is examined through a discussion of the private/public division of urban space in three literary texts (by Meiling Jin, Doris Lessing and Buchi Emecheta), read in the light of the work undertaken by feminist geographers on the spatialisation of gender divisions and on embodiment. This interdisciplinary approach allows for a complex understanding of how gender division works in the city, and questions whether it remains - or has ever been - a pertinent way of reading the urban experience. Instead, the performative dimension of that experience is highlighted, suggesting that the gendered inscription of bodies within the city is a process that cannot be articulated in simple binary terms.
Hiberno-English in Joyce’s Ulysses
James Joyce’s Ulysses has never been systematically studied as a work largely written in dialect, i.e. Hiberno-English. This essay tries to show that Joyce’s frequent use of Hiberno-English has a linguistic as well as a literary importance in the novel. The essay discusses the way some characters in Ulysses make use of Hiberno-English: including the effect the dialect has on the situation in which it is used, and what it reveals about the characters themselves. In those places where the dialect is used, either it has a specific importance for the action, or else it contributes to the specific identity of a character.
Linking [ɦ] and the variation between linking /r/ and glottal onsets in South African English
Both linking [ɦ] and the variation between linking [ɹ] and glottal stop are not known in any other variety of English apart from South African English. This paper investigates the possible origins of these features. It argues that they go back to Cockney features that were transferred to
Born to be Wild: English in Swiss Public Space
Iris Schaller-Schwaner and Cornelia Tschichold
English phrases have become an integral part of the landscape of signs and texts in Swiss public space. It is often assumed that this reflects an intra-national lingua franca function of English in a plurilingual country. On closer scrutiny, however, this is not always the case. The use of English in Swiss public space neither indicates that plurilingual
The Disappearance of the Geographical Dimension of
Language in American Linguistics
Pius ten Hacken
Traditionally, a language such as English is conceived of as consisting of a number of dialects. The description of the geographical distribution of dialects has never had the same important role in American linguistics as in European linguistics. In his description of the European approach,
Mugging de Queen’s English?
Mapping Mental Spaces of English
This paper proposes that a cognitive linguistic approach to the discourse of current debates over the English language and English literature(s) may contribute to an understanding of how it is that conflicting perceptions of key issues persist and are apparently impervious to rational argument. The discussion begins by outlining the type of debate under consideration. It then goes on to introduce the cognitive theory of metaphor and the notion of cognitive mappings in general, along with recent developments concerning conceptual integration or blending. The final section considers some typical standpoints in one current controversy surrounding the English language and examines what insights a cognitive linguistic approach can bring to an understanding of why such issues are so intractable.
The Space of English: Geographic Space, Temporal Space and Social Space
This paper takes as its topic the encoding of social rank in accent and dialect, and the spread of such social values from city and hinterland to overseas colony, using as data transcriptions of recorded speech elicited in interviews, eighteenth and nineteenth-century orthoepistic comment, and written literary representation of speech. It considers the combined effects of geographical space on speech, that is to say, speakers living collectively in one geographical area which over time enables a dialect to develop; social space, that is, speakers living collectively in one place for long enough for the social distinctions within the group to be manifest in their speech; and also temporal space, because without a time-depth, these things cannot happen. The phonemes [h] and [j], plus an adverbial construction are used to illustrate the combination of these three effects.